The Nordic countries have already been actively cooperating in antidoping-related matters for three decades. They have succeeded in harmonising their testing practices, developing their education and research activities and outlined their common positions for international cooperation.
Each Nordic country has an antidoping organisation of its own.
Nordic cooperation has been particularly significant in the development of quality assurance systems for testing as well as in the development of the organisations' operations. The Nordic countries have also signed an agreement that provides the right to test the athletes of the undersigned countries anytime, anywhere. The first Nordic agreement on antidoping cooperation was signed in 1986.
In 2013, the Nordic countries established a mutually funded Nordic Athlete Passports Management Unit (NAPMU) complying with the standards of the World Anti-Doping Agency WADA. This unit is based in Oslo, Norway. Numerous other countries have shown keen interest in the Nordic model.